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Personal Injury Law

What Are the Five Most Common Types of Illinois Personal Injury Cases?

Personal injury cases arise when someone suffers harm from an accident or incident due to another party’s wrongful actions or inaction. These claims allow injured people to demand compensation for their injuries and related losses. The five most common types of personal injury claims include those involving motor vehicle accidents, slip-and-falls, workplace accidents, medical malpractice, and product liability. 

Motor Vehicle Accident Cases

When a driver, passenger, cyclist, or pedestrian suffers injuries in a car, truck, or motorcycle accident, they can file a personal injury claim. The injured party typically holds the person who caused the accident responsible. The law requires all motorists to operate their vehicles safely. When someone fails to do so and causes an accident, they can face legal liability. 

In these cases, the main issues usually involve determining who is at fault and assigning a dollar value to the personal and financial harm the victim suffered. The injured party can demand compensation for medical expenses, income losses, and pain and suffering. 

Slip-and-Fall Accident Cases

Slip-and-fall accidents occur when someone falls and gets hurt due to a hazardous condition on another person’s property. Common causes include wet floors, uneven sidewalks, and poorly lit areas. Property owners must keep their premises safe. If they neglect this duty and someone gets hurt, the injured person can file a personal injury claim against the owner. 

These claims focus on proving that the owner knew or should have known about the hazard and failed to fix it. Compensation from a slip-and-fall claim can cover medical bills, lost income, and more.

Workplace Accident Cases

Workplace accidents happen when employees get hurt while performing their job duties. On-the-job injuries can result from falls, machinery accidents, or exposure to harmful substances. In such cases, eligible employees can file for workers’ compensation benefits, no matter who was responsible.

Workers’ compensation benefits cover all reasonable and necessary medical expenses related to the work injury and also replace a portion of lost income if the employee misses work because of their injury. To receive these benefits, an employee must show that the injury occurred during work or as a result of performing their job duties.

Medical Malpractice Cases

Medical malpractice occurs when healthcare professionals, such as doctors or nurses, provide substandard care that results in injury or death to a patient. Patients rely on medical professionals to follow certain standards. When they fail to apply these standards, they can be held responsible. Common examples include surgical errors, misdiagnoses, and incorrect medication. 

To succeed in a medical malpractice claim, the patient must prove that a medical professional’s negligence caused their injury. These claims can yield compensation for additional medical bills, disability or disfigurement, and lost income.

Product Liability Cases

Product liability claims arise when a defective or dangerous product injures someone. Manufacturers and sellers have a duty to ensure their products are safe. If a product harms someone because it has a design defect, manufacturing flaw, or a lack of proper instructions or warnings, the manufacturer or seller can be held responsible. 

In a product liability case, the injured party must show that the product was defective and that this defect caused their injury. A successful claim could provide compensation for things like medical expenses, lost income, and reduced quality of life.

Contact a Personal Injury Lawyer Now

If you know or suspect you have a personal injury claim, don’t wait to get the help you need. Contact Cook, Bartholomew, Cook & Jones, LLP today. With our experienced team, led by Super Lawyer Bruce N. Cook, we are dedicated to helping you understand your rights and demand a fair recovery. We can answer your questions, evaluate your situation, and discuss your next steps in a free consultation session.